NATO’s war in Libya was its first major military operation in Africa, but it was not the first European military footprint on the continent.Continue reading
Is This the End of the French Project in Africa’s Sahel?
Mali recently announced that it would no longer be part of the G5 Sahel. From the beginning, it was clear that the formation of the G5 Sahel was encouraged by France, and that the real focus was to be security.Continue reading
France Withdraws From Mali, But Continues to Devastate Africa’s Sahel
French troops have now begun to leave Mali, but they are not returning to France.Continue reading
Morocco Drives a War in Western Sahara for Its Phosphates
Far from peace, the Abraham Accords are going to accelerate a return to war in this part of Africa.Continue reading