The effects of the war in Ukraine have brought much of the world’s attention to energy prices. But food insecurity is also rising and will likely get worse.
NATO’s war in Libya was its first major military operation in Africa, but it was not the first European military footprint on the continent.
Mali recently announced that it would no longer be part of the G5 Sahel. From the beginning, it was clear that the formation of the G5 Sahel was encouraged by France, and that the real focus was to be security.
Colonel Assimi Goïta, who leads the military junta, said that the agreement with the French “brought neither peace, nor security, nor reconciliation” and that the population aspires “to stop the flow of Malian blood.”
French troops have now begun to leave Mali, but they are not returning to France.
With one of every three lightbulbs in France being lit by the yellow-cake uranium from Niger, its armies have garrisoned the Sahel, from Mauritania at one end to Chad at the other, as part of Operation Barkhane. War is what turns on the lights in France.