Despite countries that attended the SCO summit not seeing eye to eye on various issues, they have built trust with each other and are interested in cementing diplomatic and economic ties.
China had warned of “serious consequences” in the lead-up to the visit but has avoided any significant military escalation so far.
India’s balanced approach to the Russia-Ukraine conflict has provoked the ire of Washington.
Rising food prices and financial turbulence have set the alarm bells ringing across the region.
While Russia’s original and shifting objectives in Ukraine remain unclear, the Kremlin is increasingly wary of a publicized, drawn-out conflict. A potential intervention by its military alliance, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), could give Russia a diplomatic victory and an acceptable path to de-escalating its campaign if it can leverage its influence over member states effectively.
The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has already begun to have a negative economic impact on the five Central Asian republics.